From Moses to Joshua – Passing The Torch

I’ve just discovered an interesting foreshadow of the transferring of the Law to the reign of the Savior, Jesus Christ.  In the Bible, we realize that Moses is always referenced as the Law and Joshua, Yeshua, as a Jesus parallel of grace.  So, let’s look at this interesting story from Deuteronomy 31 in this future light.

Joshua to Succeed Moses

“31 So Moses continued to speak these words to all Israel. And he said to them, “I am 120 years old today. I am no longer able to go out and come in. The Lord has said to me, ‘You shall not go over this Jordan.’

So, Moses was relinquishing his leadership after 120 years, which we realize is also a significant timing in God’s calendar of this larger picture.  The 120 years represents the 120 Jublilee cycles (50 years) that the Lord has pre-ordained.

  • “Then the Lord said, “My Spirit shall not abide in man forever, for he is flesh: his days shall be 120 years.” Genesis 6:3 – (See previous study.)  120 isn’t an actual year count of a man, nor the years it took Noah to build the ark, but is rather the number of Jubilees the Lord has set for the earth – 120 Years (of)x 50 Jubilees = 6,000 years allocated.

The Lord your God himself will go over before you. He will destroy these nations before you, so that you shall dispossess them, and Joshua will go over at your head, as the Lord has spoken.

So, at the time of the completion of the 120th Jubliee, the Lord God will go before us to destroy the nations, and we will be lead by Jesus,as He has spoken.

And the Lord will do to them as he did to Sihon and Og, the kings of the Amorites, and to their land, when he destroyed them. And the Lord will give them over to you, and you shall do to them according to the whole commandment that I have commanded you.

The Lord will destroy all of our enemies at the end.  He will have total victory over all evil.

Be strong and courageous. Do not fear or be in dread of them, for it is the Lord your God who goes with you. He will not leave you or forsake you.”

We are encouraged to know that we have nothing to fear, that the Word of the Lord is true and that He will defeat our enemies and will never leave us.  Never give up hope, for His promises will be fulfilled.

Then Moses summoned Joshua and said to him in the sight of all Israel, “Be strong and courageous, for you shall go with this people into the land that the Lord has sworn to their fathers to give them, and you shall put them in possession of it. It is the Lord who goes before you. He will be with you; he will not leave you or forsake you. Do not fear or be dismayed.”

The Law was handed over to Jesus in the sight of all and He will carry the torch and will be the leader and the initiator.  He will go before to fight the battle.  We have no need to worry or fear because He will always be with us.  In the end, He will give back the promised land to us.

Then Moses wrote this law and gave it to the priests, the sons of Levi, who carried the ark of the covenant of the Lord, and to all the elders of Israel.

This decree was written in the books, confirmed, and binding.

10 And Moses commanded them, “At the end of every seven years, at the set time in the year of release, at the Feast of Booths, 11 when all Israel comes to appear before the Lord your God at the place that he will choose, you shall read this law before all Israel in their hearing. 12 Assemble the people, men, women, and little ones, and the sojourner within your towns, that they may hear and learn to fear the Lord your God, and be careful to do all the words of this law, 13 and that their children, who have not known it, may hear and learn to fear the Lord your God, as long as you live in the land that you are going over the Jordan to possess.”

In the year of Jubilee, the year of release, at the final celebration, the Feast of Booths (Tabernacles), gather all the people to hear the reading of God’s Word.  This is also designated as the time of celebrating with great joy.  This will be a celebration that will be observed throughout all time.  (See previous post.)

14 And the Lord said to Moses, “Behold, the days approach when you must die. Call Joshua and present yourselves in the tent of meeting, that I may commission him.” And Moses and Joshua went and presented themselves in the tent of meeting. 15 And the Lord appeared in the tent in a pillar of cloud. And the pillar of cloud stood over the entrance of the tent.

The Law had to die as no one could keep the law, and all were condemned by it.  We are then to present ourselves to Jesus as the one who took over after the law had been put to death.

16 And the Lord said to Moses, “Behold, you are about to lie down with your fathers. Then this people will rise and whore after the foreign gods among them in the land that they are entering, and they will forsake me and break my covenant that I have made with them.

Even though the torch was passed to Jesus, the Isralites would not follow His leadership and would instead continue to break His marriage covenant and chase after other passions and gods of this world.

17 Then my anger will be kindled against them in that day, and I will forsake them and hide my face from them, and they will be devoured. And many evils and troubles will come upon them, so that they will say in that day, ‘Have not these evils come upon us because our God is not among us?’ 18 And I will surely hide my face in that day because of all the evil that they have done, because they have turned to other gods.

Then, after the breaking of the covenant by Israel, God would turn His face from their nation and hide His face from them.  It is during this period of time that evil will come upon them.

19 Now therefore write this song and teach it to the people of Israel. Put it in their mouths, that this song may be a witness for me against the people of Israel. 20 For when I have brought them into the land flowing with milk and honey, which I swore to give to their fathers, and they have eaten and are full and grown fat, they will turn to other gods and serve them, and despise me and break my covenant. 21 And when many evils and troubles have come upon them, this song shall confront them as a witness (for it will live unforgotten in the mouths of their offspring). For I know what they are inclined to do even today, before I have brought them into the land that I swore to give.” 22 So Moses wrote this song the same day and taught it to the people of Israel.  (To this day, they are suppose to sing this song at the Feast of Tabernacles, Deut 32)

Deuteronomy 23 was written as a prophecy song to Israel to remind them of the promises that God had made them, and a foreknowledge that He knew they would break the law, and this was the very reason why they will be thrown into turmoil for a period of time.

23 And the Lord[a] commissioned Joshua the son of Nun and said, “Be strong and courageous, for you shall bring the people of Israel into the land that I swore to give them. I will be with you.”

But, after the turmoil, Jesus will lead them back into the promised land, as God will not break His covenant with them.  He will never leave them.

24 When Moses had finished writing the words of this law in a book to the very end, 25 Moses commanded the Levites who carried the ark of the covenant of the Lord, 26 “Take this Book of the Law and put it by the side of the ark of the covenant of the Lord your God, that it may be there for a witness against you.

The words of the covenant are sealed within the ark as a witness to the promise made by God, and as a witness to the rebellion that will occur.  It will prove future that what they will beheld will be because of their rebellion.

27 For I know how rebellious and stubborn you are. Behold, even today while I am yet alive with you, you have been rebellious against the Lord. How much more after my death!

Even after the death of the law, and the takeover of Jesus by grace, there will be even more rebellion against God during this period.

28 Assemble to me all the elders of your tribes and your officers, that I may speak these words in their ears and call heaven and earth to witness against them. 29 For I know that after my death you will surely act corruptly and turn aside from the way that I have commanded you. And in the days to come evil will befall you, because you will do what is evil in the sight of the Lord, provoking him to anger through the work of your hands.”

The Song of Moses

30 Then Moses spoke the words of this song until they were finished, in the ears of all the assembly of Israel:  (Read Deuteronomy 23)

We know that this passage is a precursor of what was to come for Israel.  Jesus would come to abolish the law and would offer His leadership through grace; however, the nation would not follow suit as they rejected Him, but instead, would follow after the lusts of their own hearts and for other gods.  Even though they have been rebellious, the Lord will keep the covenant He established with them at the base of Mt Sinai during the time of Moses.  He will punish them for their rebellion, but this will be for discipline, and at the end of the discipline, God will bring them back into the promised land one final time when they will recognize Jesus as their Messiah, and He will lead them forever and ever.  God never goes back on His promises, and we are all so thankful for that.

Lord God, We thank you for the rebellion of Israel because it is through their rebellion that you have pursued us and let us into your family through the forgiveness of our sins through Jesus Christ.  Lord, we continue to pray for Israel that they come to an awareness of who their Messiah is, Jesus Christ.  In His name we pray.  Amen.